The Invesco Perpetual UK Smaller Companies Trust (IPU) management team has been in place for many years, with Robin West joining long-term manager Jonathan Brown in 2014. Over the cycle they aim to achieve top quartile performance with below average volatility compared to their peers. The team aim to achieve this through a diversified portfolio and fundamental stock picking, and by applying a consistent investment philosophy. The UK’s smaller companies equity market was hit harder than most during Q1 2020. As we discuss in the Performance section, IPU declined slightly less than most peers but has not rebounded as strongly. This trend is in line with what shareholders might expect, based on previous cycles. With reference to the lockdown and expected economic downturn, the managers have closely reviewed their portfolio. As we discuss in the Portfolio section, they view the majority of holdings as ‘low’ and ‘medium’ risk to COVID-19 related issues. The 13% that the managers classify as ‘high’ risk are companies within the retailing and leisure sectors. Overall Jonathan and Robin believe they are well placed to support any investee companies that require additional financing, having gone into the crisis with cash of around 6-7%. Their preference for well financed businesses means they believe that 76% of the companies in their portfolio are unlikely to need equity financing to get them through the crisis. IPU recently announced that the 2020 dividend will be held at last year’s level. However, in view of current circumstances, the board will pay a dividend for the current financial year of no less than 2% of the 31 January 2021 share price.
Companies: Invesco Perpetual UK Smlr Cos Inv Tr
In January 2019 we unveiled our new quant rating system for investment trusts, identifying both the top 20 trusts for capital growth and the top 20 trusts for income by using a quant screening system. We believe this is the first quant rating system for closed-ended funds to be based on NAV returns, which reflects the performance of the manager much more purely than the share price, which is a far noisier signal. We aimed to reward consistent long-term outperformers within the metrics we chose and the five-year time period over which we assessed them. In the New Year we will be rerunning our screens and rebalancing our ratings, but for now we are pleased to be able to report that in the first ten months since we revealed our selection, subsequent performance has been strong across both lists.
Companies: FEV TRY THRG IPU
Jonathan Brown and Robin West are fundamental stock pickers, with a strong valuation discipline. Within their peer group, they aim to achieve top quartile performance with below average volatility. As we discuss in the Returns section, they have consistently achieved this aim – largely through the application of the same investment process year after year, cycle after cycle. Jonathan and Robin try not to take macro views, and they rely on fundamental bottom-up stock analysis. In terms of market-cap exposure, the trust tends to sit in the middle of the pack relative to peers – neither particularly heavily weighted to mid-caps nor to micro caps. The companies that the managers tend to invest in have both 'quality' and 'growth' characteristics. They look for businesses that have the potential to double in size over the next five years, and in typical Invesco Perpetual style, hold them for the long-term – their typical annual turnover is c. 25%. The trust has now achieved five consecutive years of outperforming the benchmark. So far in 2019, IPU is ahead of the benchmark by 9.5% (to 2 October), and therefore on track for the sixth straight year of outperformance. The team has a preference for finding high quality businesses that are growing revenues and profits, and likes to buy them at what it sees as the 'right' valuation. When we spoke to the managers recently – consistent with their usual pattern of activity – they reported that they have been selling down more highly rated companies and recycling capital into smaller, less expensive stocks. As a result, with worries about growth faltering, IPU has been better protected and maintained its lead over the benchmark and peers. With a yield of 3.6% on a historic basis, IPU pays amongst the highest level of dividend yield in the UK smaller companies sector. It is important to note that this yield is not achieved by the managers investing in companies which themselves provide a higher yield, but because the income from the portfolio is supported by capital reserves. The managers believe that their portfolio of good quality businesses with multi-year growth trajectories will stand them in good stead. Jonathan believes that sticking to their principles is the only way to ride out the current difficult political backdrop.
There is a problem with the UK’s core crop of income funds. UK equity income trusts are highly concentrated in a few big names, which we think is a potential cause for concern for income-seeking investors. It is also a good reason to diversify one’s sources of income. This concentration is particularly worrying when you consider that many of the largest yielders in the index have an uncertain future, and there are question marks over the sustainability of their dividends. Just eight companies make up over the 50% of the yield of the FTSE 100, according to Bloomberg figures, and the likes of Shell, BP and GlaxoSmithKline feature 17, 14 and ten times in the top five holdings across the 24 trusts in the UK Equity Income sector. As we discussed in our recent article, Rebel Rebel, the AIC has overhauled its sectors, aiming to make it easier for investors to identify and compare appropriate investments. However, we believe they have overlooked a potentially interesting group of trusts that could more properly be considered a sector and which might help mitigate this problem: small cap equity income. As we highlighted in Rebel, Rebel, trusts that don’t easily fit within sector definitions frequently trade on wider discounts than might otherwise be the case. We think this may be the situation with the trusts in our new sector, which offer an interesting way of diversifying an investor’s sources of income and resolving the problem of concentration in the AIC UK Equity Income sector. Although yielding less than the large cap income vehicles on average, there are some trusts with innovative structures and policies offering significant yields, and there are good dividend growth prospects from some of them too. There are other benefits to small cap equity income trusts, including the potential for capital appreciation. Here, we discuss the overlooked opportunity in small cap equity income and the benefits for income-hungry investors.
Companies: IPU SDV ASIT ASL ASCI
In January we introduced a new quantitative rating system for investment trusts. Our ratings look at NAV total return performance. They are, we believe, the first quantitative rating for closed-ended funds to do so and thereby capture the performance of the management team rather than the noisier share price movements. Our ratings aim to identify the top performers for capital growth and for income. We have designed the quants to identify those trusts which have added the greatest alpha to their benchmarks and which have displayed an attractive balance between performance in rising and falling markets. For the income ratings, we have set out to identify those trusts which have managed to generate a high yield while growing their dividends and without sacrificing capital growth. We have scored all AIC trusts on our selected metrics and awarded the top twenty in each category our growth or income ratings. We believe our ratings highlight those trusts which have displayed the most highly attractive characteristics for investors in the recent past. Pleasingly, since we launched the list the trusts have done well on average, outperforming their benchmarks significantly – particularly the capital growth trusts We will rebalance the ratings at the end of 2019, but here we give an update on the performance of the trusts we have rated and the key factors affecting performance.
Companies: FGT SLS IPU BEE JCH
It is almost three years since the UK voted to leave the EU. It seems like it might possibly happen, although we wouldn’t want to make any more precise predictions than that. The political picture still remains cloudy, and it would be a brave investor who made a decision based on these tea leaves. However, the ending of the article 50 period is a good moment to take stock and get a clearer picture of what has actually happened to the UK market since June 2016. Amidst the noise and, at times, the panic, global markets and to a lesser extent UK equities have actually made strong gains. Despite this, UK valuations, as a result of the apocalyptic headlines surrounding this never-ending fiasco, remain at rock bottom in relative terms - which makes this an interesting time to look past the headlines and discover what’s really going on.
Companies: IPU MRC KIT ASL IVI
Jonathan Brown and Robin West are fundamental stock pickers, with a strong valuation discipline. The team were taking profits in more highly rated stocks in the year to the end of Q3 2018, and from Q4 were adding exposure to companies previously viewed as too expensive, post significant share price falls. The managers aim to achieve above average returns (relative to peers) through the cycle with lower volatility. The strong performance so far in 2019 YTD with NAV returns +11.7% isn’t necessarily expected, given the historic pattern of returns where the managers typically lag very strong markets. We hazard that the strong relative performance over the past six months has been largely a result of the team’s focus on valuation and their trading activity. Jonathan and Robin aim to identify companies which have a sustainable competitive advantage, a compelling proposition in a growing market, as well as good management and balance sheet strength. They look for businesses that have the potential to double in size over the next five years, and in typical Invesco Perpetual style, hold for the long term (valuations aside) – their typical annual turnover is 25% (the latest figure from Morningstar is 27.9%). IPU’s portfolio typically comprises around 80-90 holdings, with no position allowed to get much bigger than 3% of NAV – an approach that the managers say means they can sleep at night. However, the current uncertain political environment has translated into a desire to invest in only those companies they have a high degree of confidence in. As a result, the number of holdings in the portfolio has dropped to only c 71 holdings currently. The team usually take profits in stocks which they believe are over-valued, and which trade on very high multiples. Their approach has stood them in good stead since the start of Q4 2018. The portfolio has been performing especially strongly recently, and over both the short and medium term, the trust is currently in the top decile relative to peers over most periods. Over the past five years, the trust has delivered a NAV total return of 62.3%, relative to the benchmark’s return of 30.3%, and has beaten the index in all of the past five calendar years. The managers have an alpha score of 4.6% pa over the same time frame. The degree of outperformance of the index over five years is significant, particularly so when you consider that the manager has achieved this without the use of leverage. The dividend, which equates to a yield of 4.3%, is achieved by distributing all the available income arising from the portfolio, boosted by a small proportion from capital profits. This compares very favourably with other small company funds and trusts, but also those in the equity income sector. The fact that a proportion of the dividend comes from capital means that the managers have not had to tilt their investment approach to achieve this level of income for shareholders. Relative to the index (and some peers) the trust continues to have more of a value angle, prompted by a view that Brexit has led to a global aversion to domestic UK exposure which means stocks are attractively valued. UK sales of the portfolio are currently estimated at c. 55%, relative to the benchmark of 65-70%. Reflecting their caution, the team has around 5% cash in the portfolio currently.
As the end of the financial year approaches, we enter ‘ISA season’. In the first of several articles on generating income for an ISA investment, we look at the advantages of investing in equity income trusts. We explain why investment trusts can be useful for long-term, income-hungry investors, and the myriad benefits that the closed ended structure offers. We also identify trusts that best exploit the tools that investment trusts have to offer to achieve their income objectives, and illustrate how they may provide investors with a more dependable income stream for many years into the future.
Companies: MAJE PLI ASCI CTY BEE SAIN STS IPU IVI IBT
Today, we introduce our investment trust ratings. According to the quantitative screens we have selected in an attempt to highlight the best performers in the closed-ended universe, the trusts discussed here have been the best in their classes over the last five years. We have selected trusts using two different sets of criteria, aiming to identify the top performers for capital growth and for achieving a high and growing income. There are many rating systems for open-ended funds, but no quantitative-based system for investment trusts that is available to the average investor. While we cannot identify trusts which will perform well in the future – past outperformance is no guide to future out-performance – we hope these ratings will highlight the outstanding performers in the closed-ended universe and those managers who have best used the advantages of investment trusts to generate alpha. We are trying to reward consistent and long-term outperformance, and so we have decided to look over a five-year period. All data is as of the end of December 2018, sourced from Morningstar and JPMorgan Cazenove. We have looked at NAV total return performance and discount value has not been considered: the aim is to identify those trusts which have performed the best rather than highlight bargains.
Companies: IPU FAS ATR JEO FEV FGT THRG SEC PAC BRSC IAT HNE MIGO TRY JMG DIVI SLS BGS SDP JETI SOI BCI MRC TIGT EDIN JAI BEE SDV BRIG AAIF HFEL SCF SIGT BRFI IVPG CTY HINT JCH NAIT
Over the last few years, fees and costs have become a lightning rod in the investment world, attracting the scrutiny of regulators, the media and the public alike. Investment trusts, with their independent boards acting partly on the views of shareholders, have been quick to respond. We review the changing fee landscape among investment trusts in 2018 through proprietary analysis, and discuss those which boards have done most to reduce costs for investors.
Companies: PCT SMT HSL CTY JAM IPU MWY LWI
Jonathan Brown and Robin West are fundamentally bottom-up stockpickers, with a wide remit across UK stocks. Their cautious approach to the Invesco Pepertual UK Smaller Companies Trust (IPU) seeks to achieve above average returns through the cycle with lower volatility. The managers look for high quality businesses with growth characteristics, and have a clear preference for companies with balance sheet strength. This, and a portfolio which typically comprises around 80-90 holdings with no position much bigger than 3%, means the managers say they “can sleep at night”. Relative to the index (and some peers) the trust currently has more of a “value” angle, prompted by a view that Brexit has led to a global aversion to domestic UK exposure. The team feels that many smaller company stocks which have exhibited strong momentum are quite “crowded”, and that valuations are in some cases out of kilter. As we discuss in the performance section, this has been helpful to the trust in relative terms in the recent market ructions. Reflecting their caution, the team has around 5% cash in the portfolio currently. Jonathan and Robin struggled relative to more “growthy” peers for several months leading up to the summer, and since then have been starting to claw back their relative underperformance. In contrast, IPU has been largely outperforming the index, until the very recent bout of volatility, which has seen that outperformance over one year come back. The trust remains ahead of the benchmark both over the past 12 months and year to date. Over the past five years, the trust has delivered an NAV total return of 76%, relative to the benchmark’s return of 42%, and is so far beating the index in all of the past five calendar years (including 2018 YTD). The five-year alpha score is 5.3% pa, illustrating the managers’ strong value add through their lower volatility approach. The dividend, which currently yields 4.4%, is achieved by distributing all the available income arising from the portfolio, boosted by a small proportion from capital profits. The yield therefore compares very favourably relative to other small company funds and trusts, but also those in the equity income sector. And more importantly, the fact that a proportion of the dividend comes from capital means that the managers have not had to tilt their investment approach to achieve this level of income for shareholders.
Popular wisdom has it that, while over the long term small caps have outperformed large caps, this has tended to be at the cost of greater levels of volatility. However, our research suggests that the extent of this volatility is overstated. In fact, the last five years have seen lower volatility from small-cap stocks relative to large caps across the world. This could be due to the fact we have enjoyed an extended bull run, or that the UK government has been utilising quantitative easing to maintain artificially low interest rates. Whatever the cause, crunch the numbers and you will find that over this period the FTSE SmallCap sector has seen a lower maximum drawdown than the FTSE 100, but a maximum gain 21.6% greater than large caps. This phenomenon is not limited to the UK either. When comparing the MSCI Europe Small Cap Index to the MSCI Europe Index, the former has delivered double the annualised returns, again at a lower standard deviation. This combination of superior returns and comparable volatility is an attractive blend. Furthermore, with research on small caps likely to become even more thinly available as a result of Mifid II, the ability of small-cap managers to add alpha – a trait they’ve already shown themselves very capable of – is likely to be magnified. Against this backdrop, we consider the outlook for smaller companies.
Companies: SLS MINI IPU ASL JUSC BGS
Jonathan Brown and Robin West continue to apply the same consistent investment process that has been used for over a decade. They aim to achieve above average returns through the cycle with lower volatility. Invesco Perpetual UK Smaller Companies Trust (IPU) tends to sit in the middle of the pack relative to peers on most portfolio metrics. In terms of market-cap exposure it is neither particularly heavily weighted to mid-caps, nor to micro-caps. The managers look for high-quality businesses with growth characteristics, and a clear preference for companies with balance sheet strength. Since the start of the year, the managers report being slightly frustrated in what they view as a momentum led market, which has better suited competitors such as Standard Life and Old Mutual. However, they observe that as much as offering a strong following wind to the “winners”, the market has been “absolutely brutal” to those perceived as “losers”. Particularly badly hit has been any traditional retail exposure. Jonathan and Robin have been taking advantage of this volatility, by topslicing into strength, and adding to positions where they feel that share prices have been pushed down too far. Over the past five years, the trust has delivered a NAV total return of 105%, relative to the benchmark’s return of 68%, and has beaten the index in four of the past five calendar years. The five-year alpha score is 4% pa, illustrating the manager’s strong value add through their lower volatility approach. The dividend, which currently yields 4%, is achieved by distributing all the available income arising from the portfolio, boosted by a small proportion from capital profits. The yield therefore compares very favourably relative to other small company funds and trusts, but also those in the equity income sector. And more importantly, the fact that a proportion of the dividend comes from capital means that the managers have not had to tilt their investment approach to achieve this level of income for shareholders.
Many smaller companies managers have been shifting into micro caps in the first half of 2018, including Aberforth Smaller Companies, BlackRock Smaller Companies and JPMorgan Smaller Companies - all of which increased their weightings significantly in late 2014 too, before a strong run for this area of the market. Against this backdrop, we examine the case for micro-caps and highlight a number of trusts focused on the area, and a number which have high allocations to this segment. Micro cap stocks have shown high growth potential in the past, offer diversification benefits to a balanced portfolio and since the Great Financial Crisis (GFC) have been cheaper than the larger small caps. However, there are significant risks involved, and greater flexibility allows the manager a degree of leeway to manage them.
Companies: ASL SLS MINI IPU
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Ramsdens has reported a strong set of trading results in the last twelve months to March 2020. COVID lockdown has led to store closures, which will lead to weaker trading over the following months. However, Ramsdens has a very solid balance sheet, is diversified and is well positioned to re-open stores and continue its growth. We use an 8x multiple on last 12 months to March 2020 earnings as a reflection of a normalised earnings base which reduces our target price to 162p from 180p. At this target price Ramsdens would trade on a CY20 P/B of 1.5x. This target price offers 15% upside and we re-iterate BUY.
ULR’s finals were in line with on EPRA NAV and earnings a little better than expected. Valuations remain stable and full rent collection has been achieved for the current quarter. We see fundamental quality and resilience in the (now expanded) portfolio – ULR has already invested nearly £100m in the first two months of the new year following the £136m equity raise. We make no material changes to forecasts. Current valuation points to an 7%+ annualised return, with upside remaining from deployment of funding headroom, active management and potential for valuations to improve.
Companies: Urban Logistics REIT
A number of REITs have the ability to thrive in current market conditions and thereafter. Not only do they hold assets that will remain in strong demand, but they have focus and transparency. The leases and underlying rents are structured in a manner to provide long visibility, growth and security. Hardman & Co defined an investment universe of REITs that we considered provided security and “safer harbours”. We introduced this universe with our report published in March 2019: “Secure income” REITs – Safe Harbour Available. Here, we take forward the investment case and story. We point to six REITs, in particular, where we believe the risk/reward is the most attractive.
Companies: AGR CSH ESP DIGS IHR LXI PHP RESI SIR SUPR THRL SOHO BBOX SHED WHR
Aside from its FY 19 earnings presentation, British Land has adopted a more cautious anticipation about Offices in the City of London. We share this pessimism and have been surprised by the recent share’s bump. The latter is the opportunity to turn negative, again, and update our divestment case.
Companies: British Land Company
The Merchants Trust (MRCH) is managed by Simon Gergel at Allianz Global Investors (AllianzGI). Aiming to continue to provide a high and growing level of income, he is adjusting the trust's portfolio in the wake of dividend cuts sparked by the negative economic effects of COVID-19. If there is an income shortfall in this financial year, MRCH is well positioned to maintain its dividend, with revenue reserves of more than 1x the last annual payment. It has not been an easy period for value managers over the last decade as growth stocks have led the charge; however, Gergel has outperformed the UK market over this period in both NAV and share price terms. The board reduced MRCH's gearing in late January 2020, which was opportune timing ahead of the recent significant stock market weakness.
Companies: Merchants Trust
The covid-19 pandemic has had a devastating effect on the share price of property companies, with 31% wiped off the value of their total market capitalisation during the first quarter of 2020.
Companies: AEWU CREI CSH BOOT INL HLCL THRL SUPR RESI RGL DIGS GR1T SOHO PHP BOXE ASLI UTG AGR UAI BLND UANC CAL SHED CWD WHR EPIC WKP GRI YEW HMSO PCA INTU NRR
In the past month the group has made significant progress in pivoting its business away from its traditional face-to-face model. Although lending levels remain appropriately subdued, it has achieved an impressive collections performance, with its largest business running at about 90% of pre-lockdown levels. This, combined with the group’s high risk-adjusted margins has enabled it to generate £3m of FCF in the first three weeks of April, taking its net cash position to £38.7m as of 21 April. This strong financial position, combined with the group’s innovative approach to product development puts it in an extremely strong position to serve its clients and win share when the current government restrictions are eventually lifted. Reflecting this positive outlook we reiterate our BUY rating.
Companies: Non-Standard Finance
In this note, we analyze the indebtedness of 35 international E&Ps publicly listed in the UK, Canada, Norway, Sweden and the USA. For each company, we look at (1) cash position, (2) level and nature of debt (including covenants), (3) debt service and principal repayment framework and (4) Brent price required from April to YE20 to meet all the obligations and keep cash positions intact. We also estimate YE20 cash if Brent were to average US$20/bbl from April to YE20. While the oil demand and oil price collapse are of unprecedented historical proportions and the opportunities to cut costs much more limited than in 2014, most companies (with a few exceptions) entered the crisis in much better position than six years ago, with stronger balance sheets and often already extended debt maturities. In addition, this time around, many E&Ps have already been deleveraging for 1-2 years and are not caught in the middle of large developments that cannot be halted. The previous crisis also showed that debt providers could relax debt covenants for a certain period as long as interest and principal repayment obligations were met. This implies that as long as operations are not interrupted and counterparties keep paying their bills (Kurdistan), the storm can be weathered by most for a few quarters.
With (1) Brent price of about US$50/bbl in 1Q20, (2) reduced capex programmes, (3) material hedging programmes covering a large proportion of FY20 production at higher prices and (4) limited principal repayments in 2020, we find that most companies can meet all their costs and obligations in 2020 at Brent prices below US$40/bbl and often below US$35/bbl) from April until YE20 and keep their cash intact, allowing them to remain solvent at much lower prices for some time. In particular, Maha Energy and SDX Energy are cash neutral at about US$20/bbl. When factoring the divestment of Uganda, Tullow needs only US$9/bbl to maintain its YE20 cash equal to YE19. Canacol Energy, Diversified Gas and Oil, Independent Oil & Gas, Orca Exploration, Serica Energy and Wentworth Resources are gas stories not really exposed to oil prices and Africa Oil has hedged 95% of its FY20 production at over US$65/bbl.
Companies: AKERBP AOI CNE CNE DGOC EGY ENOG ENQ GENL GKP GPRK GTE HUR IOG JSE KOS LUPE MAHAA OKEA ORC.B PEN PHAR PMO PTAL PXT RRE SDX SEPL TETY TGL TLW TXP WRL
The positive market movements (£19.5bn) offset the net outflows of £1.3bn. The adjusted operating profit before tax reached £1,149m, down 21.9% yoy. The insurer benefited less from longevity assumption changes (£126m vs. £441m in 2018) in the Heritage business and the lower Asset Management fees margin (38bp vs. 40 bp in 2018) in the Savings and Asset Management one. The current context has led to a decrease in the Solvency II ratio by 10%, but the capital position remains resilient at 166%.
Today's news & views, plus announcements from VOD, POLY, SMDS, BLND, BYG, WEIR, DC, SNR, SHI, INTU, IHR, CNC, ARE, INCE
Companies: INTU SHI INCE
U+I’s post-close trading update confirms c. £16m of development and trading gains for FY20, which includes Harwell. This is broadly in line with our revised expectations. Proactive steps are being taken to preserve liquidity in the short-term, including suspending the final dividend and stopping all non-essential spend. Positively, benefits of the cost saving programme will now be realised 12 months early. The balance sheet is strong, with ample liquidity; covenant levels are a long way off. Management’s time is being spent repositioning teams to be ready when restrictions are lifted, when there will be a renewed focus on the short-to-medium term value gain opportunities, of which there are plenty. The shares currently trade at 59% spot discount to our updated NAV forecasts, vs the UK sector at a 9% discount. We leave our recently lowered 180p target price unchanged and continue to see upside from here.
Companies: U&I Group
Regional REIT’s (RGL) results for the year to 31 December 2019 (FY19) confirmed its strategic and operational progress, with the financial results in line with expectations and the Q419 DPS paid as planned. Positive momentum in regional office and light industrial markets continued into FY20, but was punctuated by COVID-19. However, the portfolio is highly diversified and Q2 rent collection experience is encouraging, supported by an integrated asset management platform. The management team is experienced, borrowings are secure, and liquidity strong.
Companies: Regional Reit
Recent news: On 21 April CLIG’s 3Q trading update to 31 March 2020, revealed:
27% fall in Funds Under Management (“FUM”) from US$6.0bn to US$4.4bn
- with weaker Sterling, FUM in £ fell 20% from £4.5bn to £3.6bn.
In 3Q, while Diversification CEF strategies (Opportunistic Value and Developed funds) had net inflows of US$25m, the Group’s Emerging Market Funds had net outflows US$68m
The Group has an active pipeline across all its major CEF offerings with increased interest in the Diversification CEF strategies
Post COVID-19, income to FuM remains unchanged at c. 75 bps of FuM
Companies: City Of London Investment Group
The COVID-19-related crisis further increases the top-line pressure. However, the quarter showed ongoing efficiency gains and, above all, management’s cost of risk guidance stood significantly below our stress test based projections.
Companies: Lloyds Banking Group
Smaller companies are usually a problematic area to invest in during significant downturns or recessions; and the sharp fall in 2020 hasn’t been an exception. In this article we assess the performance of smaller companies trusts throughout the pandemic, while identifying the factors that have differentiated the winners from the losers. This includes the impact that cash, market cap exposure, sector allocation, revenue exposure and growth or value biases have had, with some surprising results. We also ask whether now is an attractive time to invest in smaller companies, highlighting the trusts which stand out to us…
Companies: THRG GHE MINI RMMC ASIT ASL MTE TRG BRSC DSM