In this note, we analyze the indebtedness of 35 international E&Ps publicly listed in the UK, Canada, Norway, Sweden and the USA. For each company, we look at (1) cash position, (2) level and nature of debt (including covenants), (3) debt service and principal repayment framework and (4) Brent price required from April to YE20 to meet all the obligations and keep cash positions intact. We also estimate YE20 cash if Brent were to average US$20/bbl from April to YE20. While the oil demand and oil price collapse are of unprecedented historical proportions and the opportunities to cut costs much more limited than in 2014, most companies (with a few exceptions) entered the crisis in much better position than six years ago, with stronger balance sheets and often already extended debt maturities. In addition, this time around, many E&Ps have already been deleveraging for 1-2 years and are not caught in the middle of large developments that cannot be halted. The previous crisis also showed that debt providers could relax debt covenants for a certain period as long as interest and principal repayment obligations were met. This implies that as long as operations are not interrupted and counterparties keep paying their bills (Kurdistan), the storm can be weathered by most for a few quarters.
With (1) Brent price of about US$50/bbl in 1Q20, (2) reduced capex programmes, (3) material hedging programmes covering a large proportion of FY20 production at higher prices and (4) limited principal repayments in 2020, we find that most companies can meet all their costs and obligations in 2020 at Brent prices below US$40/bbl and often below US$35/bbl) from April until YE20 and keep their cash intact, allowing them to remain solvent at much lower prices for some time. In particular, Maha Energy and SDX Energy are cash neutral at about US$20/bbl. When factoring the divestment of Uganda, Tullow needs only US$9/bbl to maintain its YE20 cash equal to YE19. Canacol Energy, Diversified Gas and Oil, Independent Oil & Gas, Orca Exploration, Serica Energy and Wentworth Resources are gas stories not really exposed to oil prices and Africa Oil has hedged 95% of its FY20 production at over US$65/bbl.
Companies: AKERBP AOI CNE CNE DGOC EGY ENOG ENQ GENL GKP GPRK GTE HUR IOG JSE KOS LUNE MAHAA OKEA ORC/B PEN PHAR PMO TAL PXT RRE SDX SEPL TETY TGL TLW TXP WRL
Panoro Energy (PEN NO)C; target price: NOK20.00: Balance sheet withstanding US$25/bbl | PetroTal (PTAL LN/TAL CN)C: Temporary Shut In of Bretana Oil Field Due to COVID-19 Pipeline Closure | Cairn Energy (CNE LN): Dry hole in Mexico – The Ehecatl-1 exploration well on Block 7 did not encounter hydrocarbons | Diversified Gas and Oil (DGOC LN): 1Q20 trading update and dividend payment | Frontera Energy (FEC CN): 1Q20 update; dividend suspended; FY20 production guidance withdrawn | Maha Energy (MAHA-A SS): Low production in Brazil in April | G3 Exploration (G3E LN): Production suspended by receivers in China | Aker Bp (AKERBP NO): Reducing FY20 capex, cutting dividends | Equinor (EQNR NO): 1Q20 results | Total (FP FP): 1Q20 results, maintaining dividend | Repsol (REP SM): 1Q20 results and discoveries in Mexico | Cadogan Petroleum (CAD LN): FY19 results | DNO (DNO NO): 1Q20 results and well results in Kurdistan | Genel Energy (GENL LN): 1Q20 production update at Tawke |Tethys Oil (TETY SS): 1Q20 results | Aminex (AEX LN): Agreeing to pay CGT in Tanzania to complete farm out
Companies: PEN TAL DNO GENL AEX CAD FP EQNR REP TETY AKERBP G3E MAHAA DGOC CNE
Panoro Energy (PEN NO)C: Initiating coverage | 88 Energy (88E LN/AU): Acquisition in Alaska | BP (BP LN): Transaction in Alaska with Hilcorp renegotiated | Columbus Energy Resources (CERP LN): Oil discovery in Trinidad | Premier Oil (PMO LN) and Rockhopper Exploration (RKH LN): Sea Lion farm out (Falklands) exclusivity period extended | BP (BP LN): 1Q20 results | Equinor (EQNR NO): Dry hole in Norway | Getech (GTC LN): Business update | Hurricane Energy (HUR LN): Business update in the UK North Sea |IGas Energy (IGAS LN): Shutting some production in the UK | Lundin Energy (LUP SS): 1Q20 results | OKEA (OKEA NO): 1Q20 update in Norway | OMV (OMV AG): 1Q results | Premier Oil (PMO LN): Court approves schemes of arrangement | Royal Dutch Shell (RDSA/B LN): 1Q20 results and dividend reduction | RockRose Energy (RRE LN): Operational update in the UK | UK Oil & Gas (UKOG LN): £1.275 mm equity raise | Caspian Sunrise (CASP LN): Operating update in Kazakhstan | Exillon Energy (EXI LN): February and March production in Russia | Nostrum Oil & Gas (NOG LN): 1Q20 update in Kazakhstan | PetroNeft (PTR LN): Operations update | Genel Energy (GENL LN): Update in Kurdistan – While negotiations are ongoing the KRG will not exercise the notice of an intention to terminate the Bina Bawi PSC | ShaMaran Petroleum (SNM CN): Business update in Kurdistan | Tethys Oil (TETY SS): Production reduction in Oman | Total (FP FP): Dry hole in Lebanon | Aminex (AEX LN) and Solo Oil (SOLO LN): Licence extension in Tanzania | Far Limited (FAR AU): Update in Senegal | Lekoil (LEK LN): Final payment with Nigerian partner rescheduled | Orca Exploration (ORC.A/B CN): FY19 results | Savannah Energy (SAVE LN): Financial and operating update in Nigeria | San Leon Energy (SLE LN): Special dividend | Seplat Petroleum (SEPL LN): 1Q20 results
Companies: 88E AEX PEN BP/ CASP CERP EQNR EXI FAR FP HUR GENL GTC IGAS LEK LUNE NOG OKEA OMV ORC/B PMO PTR RKH RDSA RRE SAVE SLE SEPL SNM TETY SOLO UKOG
Diversified Gas & Oil (DGOC LN): Moving to the main board | Echo Energy (ECHO LN): Argentina update | Hurricane Energy (HUR LN): Operating update in the UK | JKX Oil & Gas (JKX LN): 1Q20 update in Ukraine and Russia | Regal Petroleum (RPT LN): Ukraine update | Tethys Oil (TETY SS): Production update in Oman | Update on payments in Kurdistan | Victoria Oil & Gas (VOG LN): 1Q20 update in Cameroon | Zenith Energy (ZEN LN/ZEE CN/ZENA-ME NO): Renegotiate price of Congo acquisition
Companies: DGOC ECHO GENL GKP HUR JKX ENW TETY VOG ZEN
Ascent Resources (AST LN): Entering Cuba | Diversified Gas and Oil (DGOC LN): Acquisition in the US | Phoenix Global Resources (PGR LN): Production shutdown and licence termination in Argentina | Premier Oil (PMO LN): Exiting Area A in Alaska following drilling results | Coro Energy (CORO LN) and Empyrean Energy (EME LN): Resources increase in Indonesia | Falcon Oil & Gas (FOG LN/FO CN): Farm out transaction in Australia | Oil Search (OSH AU): US$700 mm equity raise| Discovery in Norway | Baron Oil (BOIL LN)/Upland Resources (UPL LN): Relinquish UK licence | EnQuest (ENQ LN): FY19 results | IGas Energy (IGAS LN): FY results | Ithaca Energy (Delek): Cutting capex for the North Sea | OMV (OMV AG): 1Q20 trading update | Repsol (REP SM): 1Q20 update | Valeura Energy (VLE CN/VLU LN): Constrained gas sales in Turkey | Block Energy (BLOE LN): Shutting production in Georgia | Regal Petroleum (RPT LN): FY19 results | Chariot Oil & Gas (CHAR LN): Corporate update | Energean Oil & Gas (ENOG LN): Resources increase in Israel | SDX Energy (SDX LN): FY19 results and discovery in Egypt | Tethys Oil (TETY SS): Reduction of extraordinary dividend, capex reduction, FY20 production guidance
maintained | Africa Oil (AOI SS/CN): Tax update in Kenya | Giant gas development projects delayed | Kosmos Energy (KOS LN/US): Cost reduction and RBL redetermination | Vaalco Energy (EGY US/LN): Production update in Gabon
Companies: 88E AOI AST BLOE BOIL CHAR CORO DGOC EGY EME ENOG ENQ IGAS KOS OSH OMV PGR PMO REP ENW SDX TETY UPL VLE
We lower our target in TETY to SEK 85 (95) following a lower assumed oil price for 2020 and 2021. The company again announced growing reserves last year, which has high chances of being repeated going forward based on its inventory of more than 20 prospects, including high-impact exploration and appraisal targets on Block 49 and 56. The company also proposed an 8 SEK/sh dividend for 2020 (~11% yield), which is a long-term sustainable level at USD 60/bbl.
Companies: Tethys Oil Ab
PetroTal (PTAL LN/TAL CN): 3Q19 results | BP (BP LN) (not covered): Acquiring Indonesia assets | Nostrum Oil & Gas (NOG LN)6 ; REDUCE, £0.10: 3Q19 results | Tethys Oil (TETY SS)1,6; BUY, SEK85: October production in Oman | Wentworth Resources (WEN LN) (not covered): Operating update in Tanzania
Companies: TAL BP/ NOG WRL TETY
Tethys Oil (TETY SS)1,6; BUY, SEK85.00: 3Q19 results | Rosneft Oil (ROSN LN) (not covered): 9M19 operating results
Companies: Rosneft Oil Co. Tethys Oil Ab
3Q19 production was 13,053 bbl/d from Blocks 3&4 in Oman.
The company had cash of US$71.9 mm at the end of 3Q19 (GMP FEe: c. US$72.8 mm) with no debt.
Drilling is ongoing at exploration well Maather-1.
The Yusr-1 well encountered oil shows however experienced some difficulties during drilling making testing inconclusive but Tethys hopes for a successful well test later this year.
i3 Energy (I3E LN)1 ; SPECULATIVE BUY, £1.50: Very good well results at Serenity | OMV (OMV AG) (not covered): 3Q19 results | Total (FP FP) (not covered): 3Q19 results | Block Energy (BLOE LN) (not covered): Gas sales agreement in Georgia | Tethys Oil (TETY)1,6; BUY, SEK85: Farm in transaction in Oman | TransGlobe Energy (TGL LN/CN)1,6; BUY, £2.40: FY19 production guidance at the higher end of the range | Eland Oil & Gas (ELA LN) (not covered): Operating update in Nigeria | Panoro Energy (PEN NO) (not covered): Reserves increase in Gabon | Vaalco Energy (EGY LN/US)1 ; BUY, £2.40: More resources than previously expected in the Dentale reservoir
Companies: I3E OMV BLOE TGL ELA PEN EGY TETY
Tethys Oil is acquiring 20% WI in Block 56, onshore Oman from Biyaq for US$9.5 mm in a combination of cash and carry. To date 11 wells have been drilled on the Block and all but one have encountered oil or oil shows, although none have been determined to be commercial. The initial three-year exploration phase has been extended until December 2020 and the partners have the option to enter into a second exploration phase ending in December 2023.
Bahamas Petroleum Company (BPC LN) (not covered): Equity raise and convertible for Bahamas | Serinus Energy (SEN LN); Speculative Buy, £0.20: Operating update | Regal Petroleum (RPT LN) (not covered): Operating update in Ukraine | Tethys Oil (TETY SS)1,6; BUY, SEK85: September production in Oman | TransGlobe Energy (TGL LN/CN)1,6; BUY, £2.40: Operating update
Companies: BPC SEN ENW TGL TETY
Amerisur (AMER LN) (not covered): 1H19 results | Igas Energy (IGAS LN) (not covered): 1H19 results | Hurricane Energy (HUR LN) (not covered): Well result in the UK | Providence Resources (PVR LN) (not covered): Placing | Energean Oil & Gas (ENOG LN) (not covered): 1H19 results | Tethys Oil (TETY SS)1,6; BUY, SEK85: August production in Oman
Companies: AMER IGAS HUR PRP ENOG TETY
Valeura Energy (VLU LN/VLE CN)1,7 ; BUY, £6.00: Very good flow test results at Inanli | Tethys Oil (TETY SS)1,6; BUY, SEK85.00: 2Q19 results
Companies: Valeura Energy, Inc. Tethys Oil Ab
The company had cash of US$62 mm at the end of 2Q19 (GMP FEe: c. US$69 mm) with no debt. The Yusr-1 exploration well, drilled in the recently acquired 3D seismic north of Farha South, is in progress. On the exploration side, Tethys continues to mature and high-grade its lead inventory in Blocks 3&4 while awaiting the results from the Yusr-1 well, which is currently in progress. Yusr-1 is the first exploration well to be drilled in the recently acquired 3D seismic area to the north of Farha South.. In addition, at least two more exploration wells are planned for the year in Blocks 3&4. On Block 49, the seismic interpretation and prospect mapping continues with the company now roughly three quarters through the data set that it acquired late last year. The geological work is focused on defining, risking and maturing leads into drillable prospects whilst preparing for exploration drilling.
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In H1, 2020 and the period directly following (Q3, 2020), EQTEC has made substantial operational progress, significantly boosting its project pipeline and strengthening its balance sheet with an over-subscribed £10m fund raising in July 2020. Revenue generation in H1, 2020, however, was constrained due to the impacts of Covid-19 and severe fires in California. We now forecast revenue of €2.4m in 2020E, compared with our previous forecast of €7.0m. Importantly, no projects have been cancelled. Delayed revenue is expected to flow into 2021E. Select new projects, having been secured in 2020, are expected to reach financial close in 2021E and 2022E, in addition to those existing projects under development in those years. As a result, we are increasing our 2021E and 2022E forecasts.
Companies: EQTEC Plc
Central Asia Metals (CAML LN) reported robust interim results in the context of the H1 2020 backdrop; solid production and the company’s fundamentally low cost base meant that CAML remained profitable despite the sharp pullback in commodity prices during the period which led to a 17% YoY decline in revenue to US$70.8m. Consequently, EBITDA was down 25% YoY to US$42.5m despite a decline in unit costs of 6% YoY at Kounrad and 9% YoY at Sasa to US$0.48/lb and US$0.43/lb respectively which cushioned the impact of the weaker the top line. With no significant one offs in the period, EPS of US$0.10/sh. was 33% lower YoY.
Companies: Central Asia Metals Plc
Talitha Shelf Margin Deltaic LKA resource report
Companies: Pantheon Resources Plc
The stock was up 12% on Friday, 25/09, sparked by the positive outcome on Vodafone’s dispute with the Indian tax authorities. This is encouraging for Cairn, but note that both cases differ. While the tax authorities simply erased Vodafone’s tax bill, they owe up to $1.4bn to Cairn, and could offer more resistance.
Companies: Cairn Energy Plc
H1 2020 results; progress on concept selection
Companies: Jersey Oil & Gas Plc
EQTEC announced (last Friday afternoon) an extension of the exclusivity period of the Billingham MOU until 22 November 2020. The extension of the MOU exclusivity period is with the aim of finishing the preparation of a legally binding option agreement with Scot Bros. which, if agreed, will grant EQTEC and its partners the right, but not the obligation, to purchase the entire issued share capital of Billingham EFW Limited (the project SPV) from Scott Bros. subject to an agreement on consideration and other terms.
West Newton B-1 drilling update
Companies: Union Jack Oil Plc
H1/20 has been a highly successful period for United Oil & Gas, during which time it has successfully transformed into a full-cycle E&P company. Key to this success has been the Abu Sennan acquisition, with net production increasing to 2,700boepd at the end of June. The significant production and reserve additions delivered as part of the 2019-20 drilling campaign emphasises the considerable upside that still remains in the block. Post period, United were granted a 100% operated working interest and an 18-month extension to the Walton-Morant licence, offshore Jamaica. At 229mmbbls, the Walton-Morant licence has the potential to have a major impact on United, which we value at US$724.3m or 76.8p/share unrisked. We update our valuation, increasing our price target to 19.1p/share, a 549% premium to the current share price and reiterate our BUY recommendation.
Companies: United Oil & Gas Plc
Ready to steppe it up – initiating coverage
Companies: Enwell Energy Plc
Hargreaves’ FY20 results are very solid indeed. As previously reported, the only noticeable impact from COVID was in the slippage of Blindwells’ land sales, which were due to conclude during the lockdown period. Site activity has resumed and sales remain on track to conclude in the current year. A final dividend of 4.5p has been declared and the outlook statement is measured but confident. We reintroduce forecasts today, effectively reinstating our pre-COVID expectations. Hargreaves is well positioned to deliver a period of significant, renewed growth with the prospect of a double digit dividend yield from FY22 as HRMS profits are distributed.
Companies: Hargreaves Services Plc
A number of REITs have the ability to thrive in current market conditions and thereafter. Not only do they hold assets that will remain in strong demand, but they have focus and transparency. The leases and underlying rents are structured in a manner to provide long visibility, growth and security. Hardman & Co defined an investment universe of REITs that we considered provided security and “safer harbours”. We introduced this universe with our report published in March 2019: “Secure income” REITs – Safe Harbour Available. Here, we take forward the investment case and story. We point to six REITs, in particular, where we believe the risk/reward is the most attractive.
Companies: AGY ARBB ARIX BUR CMH CLIG DNL HAYD NSF PCA PIN PXC PHP RE/ RECI SCE SHED VTA
Davenport owns three perpetual mining licenses and two exploration licences covering 659km2 in the South Harz potash basin in central Germany. Davenport's experienced European-based management is now focussed on developing Europe's largest potash inventory of 5.3 billion tonnes at 10.8% K2O.
Companies: Davenport Resources Ltd.
There was less tension this quarter, as Shell had already cut its dividend in Q1. The trading units rose to the occasion, bringing a positive surprise in this horrendous quarter. The company has recorded a very large impairment, and is poised to announce a strategic shift once 2020 is in the books.
Companies: Royal Dutch Shell Plc
A reassuring set of interims from IOG, whose management team continues its exemplary execution on multiple workstreams for Phase 1 of its core SNS gas project, keeping the project on track for start-up in Q3 2021…no mean feat given COVID-19 challenges. Our 42p/sh risked-NAV and price target remain unchanged, but recovering UK gas prices should encourage investors to revisit and rerate this impressive UK gas development company ahead of the onset of its growth journey next year.
Companies: Independent Oil & Gas Plc
Shanta Gold (AIM: SHG), the East Africa-focused gold producer has today announced a summary of historic exploration drilling carried out at its recently acquired West Kenyan project. We have included the significant drill intercepts that the company highlighted in the announcement.
Companies: Shanta Gold Ltd.