We are discontinuing coverage on BlackPearl Resources following the company’s shareholders approval to combine with International Petroleum Corp. (TSX:IPCO), acquiring all of the issued and outstanding shares on the basis of 0.22x IPC shares for each BlackPearl share. Accordingly, all prior research ratings, price targets and earnings estimates must no longer be relied upon.
Companies: BlackPearl Resources
BlackPearl announced first quarter financial and operating results that modestly trailed our outlook and consensus, though view this as nonevent in light of dynamicism in the heavy differential quote and completion of its Onion Lake Phase II construction effort. Onion Lake Phase II is on stream and turned over to first oil. There are no changes to its 2018e production or capex outlook. Our 2018e and 2019e CFPS outlook is down 5% largely driven by updating its hedge book in our estimates. Aligning our 12-month target price to a ~6.1x 2019e EV/DACF multiple on the forward strip, we have pared back our valuation to $2.15/sh to preserve our prior target multiple assignment from last update.
The stocks on the GMP FirstEnergy Best Ideas List represent our highest conviction BUY recommendations with an expected return of 20% or more over the next 12 months. The investment thesis for each name on the list is laid out in this report.
Companies: CNQ 0UG9 ATU PXX KEL RRX SPE WCP PXT SES PPL
3Q16e WTI prices look set to average ~US$44.50/bbl vs. our $50.00/bbl prior estimate. We have also reduced our 4Q16e WTI forecasts by US$5.00 to US$50.00/ bbl, but left our 2016e+ oil & gas price deck largely unchanged. For the second time in three months we are increasing our forecasts for Canadian refined product premiums relative to New York Harbor.
Companies: CVE HSE IMO SU CNQ ECA ATH MEG PXX
Impact: Positive. Formal regulatory approval for BlackPearl's Blackrod project adds a significant resource and value wedge to the Company's development portfolio; however, with an estimated $800 mm in capital required for the first 20,000 bbl/d Phase of the project, a considerable corporate financing funding gap remains to be closed, potentially with the help of a financial JV partner.
BlackPearl reported second quarter financial and operating results that were well ahead of our forecast and consensus, demonstrative of an ability to achieve success on the principal factor we are focused on – lower costs. While the market will likely remain observant until confirmation of a sustained crude oil price recovery or fundamental change in the ability to accelerate its growth prospects by alleviating a capital constrained position, we remain constructive on the stock and would continue to accumulate shares.
The Fort McMurray wildfire took more than 1.2 mmbbl/d of oilsands production offline at one point, disrupting operations of many companies within our coverage universe. We expect production estimates for many oilsands producers (HSE, IMO, SU, ATH) to be more varied than usual with more variables to account for than usual (downtime, ramp up, sales volumes). SCO prices were boosted by the wildfire, with CNQ best positioned to have taken advantage, given the upgrader at Horizon was only mildly affected by wildfires. CVE, HSE and SU likely benefited from a positive FIFO impact. We estimate a positive FIFO impact of $4-5/bbl of throughput assuming a 30 day lag, with a larger positive FIFO impact on longer lags. We are generally close to consensus for most CFPS estimates, with the exception of Suncor, where we are estimating $0.34/share versus consensus at $0.44/share. There are no target price or ranking changes with this publication.
Macros: Commodities - Energy
Impact: Positive. BlackPearl's revised borrowing base of $117.5 mm remains sufficient to execute the Company's 2016e capital spending budget of $10-$15 mm with our outlook expecting its debt levels to continue to fall from current levels of $80 mm (or ~0.68x its current capacity) throughout the balance of the year. Operationally, BlackPearl's ramp-up at its thermal Onion Lake project continues to look strong having reached the project capacity of 6,000 bbl/d in June (on schedule) and then surpassing it with current production 5% ahead of nameplate at 6,300 bbl/d.
BlackPearl provided a status update surrounding its Onion Lake Thermal SAGD project (Phase I), noting current rates of 6,300 bbl/d which is above its nameplate capacity of 6,000 bbl/d and is obviously positive.Additionally, its revised LOC was taken down to $117.5 mm from $150 mm which should not be a surprise to the market in light of WCS price deterioration since last review.There are no changes to our forecasts. We continue to offer an Outperform ranking on a $1.55/sh 12-month target price.
Commodity Price Update – Impact on Integrateds, Large Cap E&P, Oilsands
BlackPearl reported first quarter financial and operating results that were well ahead of forecast, demonstrative of an ability to achieve success on the principal factor we are focused on – lower costs. Our 2016e and 2017e CFPS forecasts are up significantly on receipt of this report. The market has taken the stock up significantly since we last proclaimed that it was poised to be phoenix rising from the ashes on price recovery, but we do not believe it is over yet. We would buy this stock today in the market.
We are updating our estimates to reflect FirstEnergy’s updated price deck for oil, natural gas, and refining crack spreads.
BlackPearl reported fourth quarter nancial and opera ng results that markedly bested our es mates, highlighted by CFPS 29% ahead of forecast, net debt 10% lower, and be er than an cipated PDP FD&A costs. While the outlook remains tenuous at current strip prices with D/CF of ~6.7x run-rate, we iden fy management’s recogni on of the current situa on and adaptability in this por on of the cycle. Valida on that the rst phase of its Onion Lake thermal project is working is an important aspect here, and to that end, while s ll risky, believe the Company has su cient liquidity to render an outlook that is not as specula ve as previously portrayed.
With the reduction to our oil price deck (see our commodities analyst Martin King’s note), we have made significant reductions to our target prices for this group of companies. Notably, we have taken our rankings for Imperial Oil and Suncor to Underperform, as we believe the equity valuations for these two companies are implying much, much higher oil prices, AND much better refining margins, going forward, than we believe is reasonable to assume at this time. We do not believe these two stocks will participate in much of the upside if oil prices rally in the near term, and to the downside, refining margins year-to date are looking weaker, with Eastern Canada margins the only bright spot, and that may not last.
4Q15 results will be ugly, but 1Q16e is obviously shaping up to be much worse. We anticipate further capex budget reductions and have moved capex estimates below current guidance for several companies. Bitumen prices are single digits. If they go negative we suspect some bitumen producing projects could curtail output at least modestly. Liquidity Analysis: futures strip pricing would imply massive debt increases in 2016e-2017e for most names, but most names have sufficient liquidity arranged. We have reduced our ECA target price by US$2.00/share to more appropriately reflect commitments associated with non-core assets.
Companies: CVE HSE IMO SU CNQ ECA ATH MEG PXX COS
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The Prime Minister vowed last week to “restore Britain's position as the foremost naval power in Europe” and promised an extra £16.5bn in defence spending over the next four years. Mr Johnson expects this investment to “spur a renaissance of British shipbuilding across the UK”, and specifically mentioned five locations where this would occur, including Belfast and Appledore – the location of InfraStrata's shipyards. Other supportive policy initiatives emanating from the government include Mr Johnson's pledge in October that offshore wind will power every home in the country by 2030. We believe this demonstrable support from the highest level of government vindicates InfraStrata's strategy, and demonstrates the significant opportunities available to the company as it bids on numerous shipbuilding and fabrication contracts. We reaffirm our Buy rating.
Companies: InfraStrata plc
Parkmead’s portfolio has evolved to the point where it is now a full-cycle E&P company with a low-cost Dutch production base and a broad spectrum of high-quality UK growth opportunities, encompassing material development projects and an attractive range of risk/reward exploration. Recently, it has diversified into renewables, future proofing its equity story and opening up a new ‘investor-friendly’ avenue of growth. A core strength of this management team is its commercial acumen and portfolio-driven approach to optimising value. Parkmead has been in portfolio construction mode to date but is now well positioned to start crystallising its intrinsic value. We initiate with a risked-NAV based price target of 155p/sh. Investors would do well to get on-board with a management team that has a strong track record of delivering shareholder value.
Companies: Parkmead Group PLC
• In an Important development, PetroTal has signed a contract with an international oil trader for a pilot shipment to export 0.12 mmbbl into the Atlantic region using the Amazon river through Brazil. The shipment will be sold FOB Bretana, priced at the forward month Brent ICE price, and paid within two weeks of loading at Bretana. There are no subsequent oil price adjustments.
• At November 19, 2020, PetroTal had cash resources of US$9.8 mm, with accounts payable and accrued liabilities of ~US$39 mm, a reduction of ~US$11 mm from the end of 2Q20. The company has been paid US$5.5 mm for delivery of 0.192 mm bbl of oil to Petroperu in October. Production is constrained to ~5,000 bbl/d pending the reopening of the export pipeline.
• We understand that the pilot should start in December. This would not only provide ~US$5 mm in cash to PetroTal but also allow production to return to recent levels (11.5 mbbl/d), effectively unlocking the fundamental value of the asset.
Balance sheet considerations
The potential financial derivative liability has been reduced from US$22.5 mm at the end of June to US$17 mm at the end of September. Of the US$39 mm current payables 46% are not due before 2021 and we note that the company still holds US$13 mm in account receivables and US$4.7 mm in inventory.
Financials on “a back to normal” scenario with flat production
We are now assuming production remains constrained at 5 mbbl/d over 4Q20 with minimum capex with cashflow and receivables being used to repay the due payables over the period.
On production of just ~11.5 mbbl/d during 2021, we estimate operating cashflow of US$85 mm at US$48/bbl Brent. This would result in free cashflow of >US$40 mm assuming capex of US$20 mm to maintain production and US$20 mm to repay the remaining payables. This compares with a current market cap of just US$75 mm, suggesting FY21 free cashflow would represent over 50% of the current market cap in a no growth scenario assuming production can be exported.
Our target price of £0.45 per share represents 6x the current share price.
Companies: PetroTal Corp.
EQTEC has announced today that the Company and Scott Bros. Enterprises Limited have agreed to extend the exclusivity period of the Billingham MOU until 18 December 2020. The Billingham MOU has been subject to previous extensions, as announced on 23 October 2019, 23 June 2020 and 18 September 2020.
Companies: EQTEC PLC (KEU1:FRA)EQTEC PLC (EQT:LON)
Pantheon announced that is has contracted a rig to drill the Talitha well and that drilling operations are expected to commence in January 2021. The well will target four independent reservoirs, in three separate trapping sequences, which the company estimates has the potential to contain in the region of a billion barrels of recoverable oil, although ongoing work is required to formally delineate the full potential of the targets.
Companies: Pantheon Resources plc
Salt Lake Potash's AGM update reported that the Lake Way project is now 74% complete. Construction of the process plant is on-schedule with practical completion and first SOP production planned for Q1/21. Drawdown of the Senior Facility Agreement funds and repayment of the Taurus bridge loan is expected soon.
Companies: Salt Lake Potash Limited
Jersey Oil & Gas announced today that is has entered into an agreement to acquire the entire share capital of CIECO V&C (UK) Limited, which is currently owned by two international entities headquartered in Japan. The acquisition secures an additional 12% working interest in Licence P2170 (Blocks 20/5b & 21/1d), which provides Jersey Oil & Gas with 100% of the licence. The licence contains the majority of the Verbier oil discovery in addition to three drill ready prospects: Verbier Deep, Wengen and Cortina. The acquired entity has approximately £15M of tax losses which will provide value to Jersey Oil & Gas. Consideration will consist of £150k in cash and contingent payments of i) £1.5M upon field development plan approval of Verbier within P2170 (as already discovered) by the OGA ii) £1.0M upon the 1st anniversary of attainment of first oil. The acquisition is conditional on OGA approval amongst other technicalities, which we do not anticipate will be problematic. The acquired entity will be free of debts.
Companies: Jersey Oil & Gas PLC
GeoPark (GPRK US)C; Target price of US$20.00: Divesting non-core asset in Brazil - GeoPark is selling its 10% non-operated working interest in the Manati gas field in Brazil to Gas Bridge for US$27 mm. We do not see much upside to the Brazilian asset (in terms of growing reserves or through exploration opportunities) and this divestment may allow GeoPark to reallocate resources to its core operations. We would rather see management remaining focused on deploying capital on higher return assets such as Colombia and Ecuador. Even after this week’s share price appreciation, our Core NAV continues to be 60% above the current share price. Our unrisked NAV for the 2021 drilling programme is ~US$9.00 per share, which represents ~90% of the current share price.
Panoro Energy (PEN NO)c; Target price of NOK23.00: 2021 will be a transformational year - 2020 has been a difficult year for the oil and gas industry and 2021 is a turning point for Panoro. In Gabon, development activities at Ruche are expected to return to normal with gross production set to grow to 20 mbbl/d. The company will also appraise Hibiscus to test the 155 mmbbl upside case (=2x existing 2P reserves). The development of Hibiscus is expected to be sanctioned. Importantly, while the existing FPSO has a nominal oil processing capacity of 45-45 mbbl/d, processing expansion is possible which allows for a potential oil production plateau of 70 mbbl/d. We estimate the value of Panoro’s reserves in Dussafu at NOK10.40 per share. Derisking the contingent resources in Gabon could add ~NOK3 per share. We estimate that the upside at Hibiscus has a further unrisked NAV of ~NOK10 per share for a total unrisked NAV of NOK23 per share for the discovered and “to be appraised” volumes in Gabon. Overall, including Nigeria, South Africa and Tunisia, we estimate the unrisked value of the 2021 activities at NOK30 per share; which represents 2.3x the share price. Our target price of NOK23 per share has been set close to our ReNAV.
Pharos Energy (PHAR LN)c; Target price of £0.35: Low cost. Quickly scalable. High impact, quality exploration – Pharos is a £ mm market cap, ~12 mboe/d oil producer that acquired the Egyptian assets of Merlon in 2019. Under the stewardship of a blue-chip management team that turned Cairn Energy from a micro-cap into a successful E&P that returned US$4.5 bn to shareholders, Pharos has undergone a multi-faceted transformation, enhancing governance and rebalancing its asset portfolio. Given the recent macro challenges, this process appears to have gone unnoticed by many investors. Pharos now holds ~50 mmboe 2P reserves in Egypt and Vietnam. Vietnam provides stable cash flows even at low oil prices. Egypt production can be increased rapidly (up to x2.5 to 13 mbbl/d) with additional investment. Pharos also holds world class exploration assets in Israel, Egypt and Vietnam. With a healthy balance sheet (cash: ~US$38 mm, net debt:~US$36 mm), Pharos’ shares trade at EV/DACF multiples of 5,000 bbl/d, increasing production from the Shaikan field by~15%. FY20 gross production is expected to be at the upper end of the 35,000 – 36,000 bbl/d production guidance, with the field currently producing at ~39,000 bbl/d.
LEKOIL (LEK LN): Requisition from large shareholder to change the board of the company - LEKOIL has received a letter from Metallon, holding 15.4% of the company, requisitioning an extraordinary general meeting to vote on the replacement of the Chairman and the appointment of Michael Ajukwu, Thomas Richardson and George Maxwell as directors of the company.
Orca Exploration (ORC.A/B CN): 3Q20 results - 3Q20 WI production in Tanzania was 60.9 mmcf/d. At the end of September, Orca held US$79.2 mmm in working capital including US$98.5 mm in cash and long-term debt
of US$54.2 mm.
Tullow Oil (TLW LN): Capital Market Day – 2020 production to date averages 75 mbbl/d with FY20 production guidance of 73-77 mbbl/d. Assuming an oil price of US$45/bbl in 2021 and US$55/bbl flat nominal from 2022 onwards, Tullow expects to generate US$7 bn of operating cashflow over the next 10 years with capex of US$2.7 bn. The first phase of investment will start in 2Q21 with the commencement of a multi-well drilling programme in Ghana. In Suriname, the prospective Goliathberg-Voltzberg North-1 well will spud in 1Q21.
Victoria Oil & Gas (VOG LN): Positive licence update in Cameroon – The duration of the onshore Matanda licence has been extended by one year to December 2021. The gross unrisked prospective resources are now estimated at 1,196 bcf, up from 903 bcf previously. 19 gas prospects haven identified in shallower Tertiary-aged reservoirs, plus 7 prospects in deeper, Cretaceous-aged prospects. The Company believes the largest of these prospects has mean unrisked Prospective Resources of >65 bcf, with geological Chance of Success estimated at >40%.
Companies: VOG BPC ENQ GPRK JOG JYOGF TPC1 7M7 0GEA MAHAA PEN PHAR RBD REP SENX TLW
Panoro Energy (PEN NO)c; Target price of NOK23.00: Revisiting Gabon - BW Energy provided an update on Dussafu with FY20 production guidance expectation marginally below previous guidance (14.25 mbbl/d versus 15 16 mbbl/d) due to COVID-19 restrictions and OPEC+ quotas. This results in FY20 opex expected to be US$19/bbl which is slightly above the previous guidance of US$17-18/bbl. The drilling of DTM-7H, and the tie-in of DTM-6H and -7H, has been deferred to mid-2021 with first oil expected in 3Q21 and our estimate of the timing of the field production ramp-up has been delayed by one quarter. BWE continues to expect production from the Dussafu area to reach >30 mbbl/d in 2023 and ~40 mbbl/d in 2024. The Hibiscus development is expected to offer 15% IRR at
Companies: TGL TGA 88E FEC JSE LUPE LUNE LNDNF LYV NOG GB_NTRM NSTRY 3NO PANR P3K PTHRF PTAL TETY TETY AOI ENOG PEN SDX EGY
Oil rose to the highest in nearly three months with positive Covid-19 vaccine developments paving the way for a more sustained recovery in oil demand.
Futures rose 5% in New York this week for a third straight weekly gain as Pfizer Inc and BioNTech SE requested emergency authorisation of their Covid vaccine Friday. Moderna Inc also released positive interim results from a final-stage trial and said it is close to seeking emergency authorisation. Still, further gains were limited by broader market declines amid a dispute between the White House and the Federal Reserve over emergency lending programmes.
Even with vaccines on the horizon, a recovery in oil demand faces obstacles with governments under pressure to tighten restrictions and curb the spread of the virus. UK Prime Minister, Boris Johnson's officials are considering tougher pandemic rules placed on broader regions of England next month after a national lockdown is set to end and the country returns to its tiered system. Meanwhile, the shift toward working from home may have a lasting chill on gasoline demand, according to Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City President Esther George.
The recent climb in headline prices has been accompanied by significant moves in timespreads, where traders bet on the price of oil in different months. The spread between West Texas Intermediate for December 2021 delivery and the following month moved to backwardation, while the closely watched gap between December 2021 and 2022 WTI contracts is close to also flipping.
West Texas Intermediate for December delivery, which expired Friday, rose 41 cents to settle at $42.15 a barrel.
The January contract rose 52 cents to end the session at $42.42 a barrel.
Brent for January settlement gained 76 cents to $44.96 a barrel. The contract rose 5.1% this week.
Pfizer and BioNTech's vaccine could be the first to be cleared for use, but first it must undergo a thorough vetting. The filing could enable its use by the middle to the end of December, the companies said in a statement. Yet, it could take at least three weeks for a US Food and Drug Administration decision.
Companies: FOG PVR 88E DGOC EME TRIN UOG
Acquisition of CIECO P2170 interest
Companies: JOG JYOGF TPC1
Central Asia Metals (CAML LN) following a successful ramp up at Sasa, progress in the environmental clean up and confirmation of the remedial costs in line with the previously guided US$1.5m the company has declared an interim dividend of 6p/sh. This will be paid on 11 December 2020 with a record date of 20 November 2020.
Companies: Central Asia Metals Plc
Low cost. Quickly scalable. High impact, quality exploration
Pharos is a £55 mm market cap ~12 mboe/d oil producer that acquired the Egyptian assets of Merlon in 2019. Under the stewardship of a blue-chip management team that turned Cairn Energy from a micro cap into a successful E&P that returned US$4.5 bn to shareholders, Pharos has undergone a multi-faceted transformation, enhancing governance and rebalancing its asset portfolio. Given the recent macro challenges, this process appears to have gone unnoticed by many investors. Pharos now holds ~50 mmboe 2P reserves in Egypt and Vietnam. Vietnam provides stable cash flows even at low oil prices. Egypt production can be increased rapidly (up to x2.5 to 13 mbbl/d) with additional investment. Pharos also holds world class exploration assets in Israel, Egypt and Vietnam.
Cash engine in Vietnam
Pharos produces ~6 mboe/d from two offshore assets with ~21 mmboe 2P reserves and 13 mmboe 2C resources (WI). The key asset is the TGT field (29.7% WI) with 24 mmboe 2P reserves plus 2C resources implying just 25% recovery factor. At US$22/bbl for Brent, production can be maintained flat. At US$40/bbl, the assets generate Free Cash Flow of US$20-25 mm per year. 6 new wells will be drilled from 4Q21 to grow production to 8 mboe/d. Obtaining approval to drill 9 more wells would add 9 mmboe WI 2P.
Scalable growth in Egypt
Pharos produces ~5.5 mbbl/d from the El Fayum licence (Western Desert) with 29 mmbbl 2P and 23 mmbbl 2C. A 3D campaign and >120 wells have improved the understanding of the geology where production growth is driven by waterflood and drilling. The pace of growth is proportional to the number of rigs directly reflecting the available funding. Without further investment, the assets break even at current oil prices but production declines fast. Four rigs and early investment maximizes value but requires additional funding or a partner.
High quality exploration
At El Fayum, there are 108 mmbbl prospective resources across the shallow horizons and the deeper Pre-Khatira play. North Beni Suef is also a promising licence. Israel is about chasing giant structures (Zhor/Tamar plays). In Vietnam, Pharos holds interests in the Phu Khanh frontier basin.
With a healthy balance sheet (cash: ~US$38 mm, net debt:~US$36 mm), Pharos’ shares trade at EV/DACF multiples of
Companies: Pharos Energy PLC
Trifast has reported FY21 interim results that highlight the tough operating conditions with material falls in revenue, and operating leverage driving sharp reductions in profitability. The c.£16m equity raise helped to cushion the financial impact and the ongoing recovery exiting the first half provides some optimism for the Group heading in to FY22. We reinstate our buy recommendation.
Companies: Trifast plc (TRI:LON)Trifast plc (25D:BER)
Today's news & views, plus announcements from KGF, MRO, UU, BAB, BRW, FUTR, GNS, HICL, LIO, AEXG, FUL, KWS
Companies: AEX GNS HICL