In this note, we analyze the indebtedness of 35 international E&Ps publicly listed in the UK, Canada, Norway, Sweden and the USA. For each company, we look at (1) cash position, (2) level and nature of debt (including covenants), (3) debt service and principal repayment framework and (4) Brent price required from April to YE20 to meet all the obligations and keep cash positions intact. We also estimate YE20 cash if Brent were to average US$20/bbl from April to YE20. While the oil demand and oil price collapse are of unprecedented historical proportions and the opportunities to cut costs much more limited than in 2014, most companies (with a few exceptions) entered the crisis in much better position than six years ago, with stronger balance sheets and often already extended debt maturities. In addition, this time around, many E&Ps have already been deleveraging for 1-2 years and are not caught in the middle of large developments that cannot be halted. The previous crisis also showed that debt providers could relax debt covenants for a certain period as long as interest and principal repayment obligations were met. This implies that as long as operations are not interrupted and counterparties keep paying their bills (Kurdistan), the storm can be weathered by most for a few quarters.
With (1) Brent price of about US$50/bbl in 1Q20, (2) reduced capex programmes, (3) material hedging programmes covering a large proportion of FY20 production at higher prices and (4) limited principal repayments in 2020, we find that most companies can meet all their costs and obligations in 2020 at Brent prices below US$40/bbl and often below US$35/bbl) from April until YE20 and keep their cash intact, allowing them to remain solvent at much lower prices for some time. In particular, Maha Energy and SDX Energy are cash neutral at about US$20/bbl. When factoring the divestment of Uganda, Tullow needs only US$9/bbl to maintain its YE20 cash equal to YE19. Canacol Energy, Diversified Gas and Oil, Independent Oil & Gas, Orca Exploration, Serica Energy and Wentworth Resources are gas stories not really exposed to oil prices and Africa Oil has hedged 95% of its FY20 production at over US$65/bbl.
Companies: AKERBP AOI CNE CNE DGOC EGY ENOG ENQ GENL GKP GPRK GTE HUR IOG JSE KOS LUPE MAHAA OKEA ORC.B PEN PHAR PMO PTAL PXT RRE SDX SEPL TETY TGL TLW TXP WRL
GeoPark (GPRK US)C; Target: US$20 - Delivering more with less | Diversified Gas and Oil (DGOC LN): Acquisition in the US and US$87 mm equity raise | Gran Tierra Energy (GTE LN/CN): 1Q20 results| Parex Resources (PXT CN): 1Q20 results | Trinity Exploration and Production (TRIN LN): FY19 results | Touchstone Exploration (TXP LN/CN): 1Q20 results | Condor Petroleum (CPI CN): 1Q20 results | Premier Oil (PMO LN): 1Q20 update and FY20 production guidance reduction | Serinus Energy (SEN LN): 1Q20 update | Valeura Energy (VLU LN/VLE CN): 1Q20 results |Caspian Sunrise (CASP LN): Production update in Kazakhstan | Genel Energy (GENL LN): 1Q20 update | Pharos Energy (PHAR LN): 1Q20 results | ShaMaran Petroleum (SNM CN/SS): 1Q20 update in Kurdistan | TransGlobe Energy (TGL LN/CN): 1Q20 results | Africa Oil (AOI SS/CN): 1Q20 results | Vaalco Energy (EGY LN/US): 1Q20 results | Kosmos Energy (KOS LN/US): 1Q20 results
Companies: KOS GPRK DGOC GTE PXT TRIN TXP CPI PMO SENX VLU CASP GENL PHAR SNM TGL AOI EGY KOS
Diversified Gas & Oil (DGOC LN): DGO raises US$86m to part finance two acquisitions | Vaalco Energy (EGY LN): 1Q20 results, production in line with guidance, large impairment recognised | Serica Energy (SQZ LN): R3 intervention slated for 4Q20
Companies: DGOC EGY SQZ
Ascent Resources (AST LN): Entering Cuba | Diversified Gas and Oil (DGOC LN): Acquisition in the US | Phoenix Global Resources (PGR LN): Production shutdown and licence termination in Argentina | Premier Oil (PMO LN): Exiting Area A in Alaska following drilling results | Coro Energy (CORO LN) and Empyrean Energy (EME LN): Resources increase in Indonesia | Falcon Oil & Gas (FOG LN/FO CN): Farm out transaction in Australia | Oil Search (OSH AU): US$700 mm equity raise| Discovery in Norway | Baron Oil (BOIL LN)/Upland Resources (UPL LN): Relinquish UK licence | EnQuest (ENQ LN): FY19 results | IGas Energy (IGAS LN): FY results | Ithaca Energy (Delek): Cutting capex for the North Sea | OMV (OMV AG): 1Q20 trading update | Repsol (REP SM): 1Q20 update | Valeura Energy (VLE CN/VLU LN): Constrained gas sales in Turkey | Block Energy (BLOE LN): Shutting production in Georgia | Regal Petroleum (RPT LN): FY19 results | Chariot Oil & Gas (CHAR LN): Corporate update | Energean Oil & Gas (ENOG LN): Resources increase in Israel | SDX Energy (SDX LN): FY19 results and discovery in Egypt | Tethys Oil (TETY SS): Reduction of extraordinary dividend, capex reduction, FY20 production guidance
maintained | Africa Oil (AOI SS/CN): Tax update in Kenya | Giant gas development projects delayed | Kosmos Energy (KOS LN/US): Cost reduction and RBL redetermination | Vaalco Energy (EGY US/LN): Production update in Gabon
Companies: 88E AOI AST BLOE BOIL CHAR CORO DGOC EGY EME ENOG ENQ IGAS KOS OSH OMV PGR PMO REP RPT SDX TETY UPL VLU
Bahamas Petroleum Corporation (BPC LN): Delaying exploration activities in the Bahamas | i3 Energy (I3E LN): Canadian acquisition | Touchstone Exploration (TXP LN/CN): FY19 results | Cairn Energy (CNE LN): FY20 capex reduced but production guidance maintained | ENI (ENI IM): Capex reduction and new production guidance | Equinor (EQNR NO): Reducing spending | IGas Energy (IGAS LN): Update in the UK | Independent Oil & Gas (IOG LN): FY19 results | Lundin Petroleum (LUP SS): Reducing dividends, increased plateau at Johan Sverdrup | OMV (OMV AG): Reducing costs | Repsol (REP SM): Corporate update | RockRose Energy (RRE LN): Corporate update, maintaining dividends | Serinus Energy (SEN LN): FY19 results | Block Energy (BLOE LN): Acquiring Georgian assets from Schlumberger | Regal Petroleum (RPT LN): Acquisition in Ukraine | Gulf Keystone Petroleum (GPRK LN): Operating update in Kurdistan | Africa Oil (AOI SS/CN): Reserves update | Vaalco Energy (EGY US/LN): Operating update in Gabon
Companies: BPC I3E TXP CNE ENI EQNR IGAS IOG LUPE OMV REP RRE SENX BLOE RPT GKP AOI EGY
Oil posted the biggest weekly plunge since 2008, capping its most dramatic week in recent memory as major producers prepare to drench the market with supply just as the coronavirus crushes demand. But prices jumped following the close, after President Donald Trump said the U.S. would fill the nation's strategic reserve. Losses for the week totalled 23% after the collapse of talks between members of the OPEC+ group triggered the biggest crash in a generation. Instead of reaching a deal to cut output to mitigate the fallout from the virus, producers led by Saudi Arabia and Russia embarked on a war for market share and pledged to pump more.
Companies: TGL TXP VLU EGY GTE CNE DGOC ENQ SQZ UKOG TRIN TLW PHAR
PetroTal (PTAL LN/TAL CN US)C : Corporate Update | Gran Tierra Energy (GTE LN/CN): Revised FY20 programme | President Energy (PPC LN): Update in Argentina | Touchstone Exploration (TXP LN): Another strong flow test in Trinidad | Cairn Energy (CNE LN): FY19 results | Premier Oil (PMO LN): Trading update | Valeura Energy (VLU LN/VLE CN) : 4Q19 results | JKX Oil & Gas (JKX LN): Divesting Hungary | Pharos Energy (PHAR LN): FY19 results | TransGlobe Energy (TGL LN/CN): Corporate update and FY19 results | Africa Oil (AOI SS/CN): Reiterate 2020 guidance | Tower Resources (TRP LN): Resources update in Cameroon | Tullow Oil (TLW LN): FY19 results | Vaalco Energy (EGY LN/US): FY19 results | Wentworth Resources (WEN LN): Operational update in Tanzania
Companies: PTAL GTE PPC TXP CNE PMO VLU JKX PHAR TGL AOI TRP TLW EGY WRL
Nostrum Oil & Gas (NOG LN): Still up for sale with little appetite | SDX Energy (SDX LN): 30% increase in 2020 production guidance | United Oil & Gas (UOG LN): Production at Abu Sennan continues to ramp up | Vaalco Energy (EGY LN): Production offshore Gabon edges further – 6,000bopd net
Companies: NOG SDX UOG EGY
Zenith Energy (ZEN LN) (not covered): Acquisition in Italy | Vaalco Energy (EGY LN/US)1 ; BUY, £2.40: Very strong flow rate in Gabon and increased production guidance
Companies: Zenith Energy Vaalco Energy, Inc.
88 Energy (88E LN) (not covered): Charlie-1 appraisal well update in Alaska | Amerisur Resources (AMER LN) (not covered): Block award in Colombia | i3 Energy (I3E LN)1 ; Speculative Buy, £0.90: Drilling setback but still large resources | Cairn Energy (CNE LN); BUY, £2.80: Disposal of Norway frees up cash | Union Jack Oil (UJO LN) (not covered): £5 mm placing | Vaalco Energy (EGY LN/US)1 ; BUY, £2.40: Progress in EG
Companies: 88E AMER I3E CNE UJO EGY
Diversified Gas & Oil (DGOC LN) (not covered): Sale of assets | GeoPark (GPRK US)1 ; BUY, U$26.00: FY20 work programme, launching a dividend | Great Eastern Energy (GEEC LN) (not covered): Half year results | Oryx Petroleum (OXC CN): Under Review; 3Q19 results | Vaalco Energy (EGY US)1 ; BUY, £2.40: 3Q19 results
Companies: DGOC GPRK GEEC OXC EGY
i3 Energy (I3E LN)1 ; SPECULATIVE BUY, £1.50: Very good well results at Serenity | OMV (OMV AG) (not covered): 3Q19 results | Total (FP FP) (not covered): 3Q19 results | Block Energy (BLOE LN) (not covered): Gas sales agreement in Georgia | Tethys Oil (TETY)1,6; BUY, SEK85: Farm in transaction in Oman | TransGlobe Energy (TGL LN/CN)1,6; BUY, £2.40: FY19 production guidance at the higher end of the range | Eland Oil & Gas (ELA LN) (not covered): Operating update in Nigeria | Panoro Energy (PEN NO) (not covered): Reserves increase in Gabon | Vaalco Energy (EGY LN/US)1 ; BUY, £2.40: More resources than previously expected in the Dentale reservoir
Companies: I3E OMV BLOE TGL ELA PEN EGY TETY
Savannah Petroleum (SAVP): Signature of Loan Facility, ahead of Severn Energy transaction | Vaalco Energy (EGY) – Confirms Oil Discovery offshore Gabon
Companies: Savannah Energy Vaalco Energy, Inc.
GeoPark (GPRK US)1 ; BUY, US$26.00: No surprises in 3Q19 update | San Leon Energy (SLE LN) (not covered): Proposed share buyback | Savannah Petroleum (SAVP LN) (not covered): Signature of loan facility | Vaalco Energy (EGY US/LN)1; BUY, US$3.00: Positive drilling results at Etame
Companies: GPRK SLE SAVE EGY
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InfraStrata's acquisition of the iconic Harland & Wolff (H&W) shipyards in Northern Ireland has been transformational for the group, and with a carefully planned growth strategy, there is a clear route to cash breakeven in the short term. Over the medium to long term, these facilities could support a c£400m revenue business. With the company trading at a c30% discount to its H1/20A book value and c65% to its Adj NAV, we initiate with a Buy recommendation.
Anglo Asian Mining is an AIM listed precious and base metals producer running flagship Gedabek operations in western Azerbaijan which include three producing mines and processing facilities. The Company targets 75-80koz GEOs in 2020 with low cost operations providing capital for organic growth opportunities within the highly prospective +1,000km2 land package, with the potential for additional attractive targets outside Azerbaijan as well as 25% of FCF dividend programme.
Companies: Anglo Asian Mining
Falcon is uniquely placed in the current challenging commodity price environment with its strong cash position (US$11.5m at 31 March 2020), fully funded drilling programme and high quality assets. Following the farm down of a 7.5% participating interest to partner Origin Energy in return for an A$150.5m increase in the gross cap carry, we believe Falcon is fully funded through one of the greatest periods of uncertainty the oil and gas industry has ever faced. At a time when many in the industry fight for their very survival, we believe Falcon has managed to secure a fantastic deal for shareholders, which should see the Company through to the potential monetisation of its 22.5% participating interest. We maintain our price target at 40p, a 426% premium to the current share price and reiterate our BUY recommendation.
Companies: Falcon Oil & Gas
Sylvania's share price has fallen 53% since its peaked on the 21st Feb, as the global economy hit the brakes. The short term demand outlook for PGMs is miserable, with supply chains breaking down as both luxury goods and car sales sales collapse.
Companies: Sylvania Platinum
Savannah Energy is an AIM-listed E&P company with two sets of assets: (i) in-production gas and oil fields and a regional monopoly gas distributon network in South East Nigeria (well away from the risky Delta area); and (ii) licenses over 50% of a prolific oil basin in Niger.
Companies: Savannah Energy
An independent resource audit by Gaffney, Cline & Associates (GCA) has significantly increased the resources at the Mako gas field following the JV's highly successful drilling campaign in Q4/19. GCA have increased the 2C gross recoverable dry gas volumes when compared to its previous resource assessment (in January 2019) by 79% to 495Bcf, slightly ahead of the internal 493Bcf assessment. In the upside case, the 3C resources have increased by 108% to 817Bcf, significantly higher than the 3C internal resource estimate of 666Bcf. Following the GCA resource upgrade, the Mako field has been proven to be one of the largest gas fields ever discovered in the West Natuna Basin and is believed to be the largest undeveloped resource in the region. Located close to existing infrastructure and well established markets, we believe Mako is an attractive proposition, which we currently value at US$18.3m or 3.2p using a US$6/mcf long term gas price.
Companies: Empyrean Energy
April 2020 production payment
Companies: Gulf Keystone Petroleum
Petropavlovsk PLC (LSE: POG) have released their FY2019 results and Q1 trading update this morning. The company had already released production numbers for last year. Overall the numbers reflected a strong operational performance although various financial/other parameters thwarted positive changes below the EBITDA line. Conversely net cash from operations reduced by 43% due to lower cash from prepayment as part of the group’s forward sale facility with the banks, yet net debt came down to $561m. . We show the key figures in Table 1.
An independent resource audit by Gaffney, Cline & Associates (GCA) has significantly increased the resources at the Mako gas field following the JV's highly successful drilling campaign in Q4/19. GCA have increased the 2C gross recoverable dry gas volumes when compared to its previous resource assessment (in January 2019) by 79% to 495Bcf, slightly ahead of the internal 493Bcf assessment. In the upside case, the 3C resources have increased by 108% to 817Bcf, significantly higher than the 3C internal resource estimate of 666Bcf. Following the GCA resource upgrade, the Mako field has been proven to be one of the largest gas fields ever discovered in the West Natuna Basin and is believed to be the largest undeveloped resource in the region. Located close to existing infrastructure and well established markets, we believe Mako is an attractive proposition, which we conservatively value at US$18.3m (risked) or 3.2p using a US$6/mcf long term gas price, unrisked our valuation of Mako increases to US$25.2m or 4.3p per share. We value Empyrean as a whole at 19.0p per share a 280% premium to the share price and reiterate our BUY recommendation.
Valuation – We have updated our Mako model, with gas first in 2023 (previously 2022). Using a long term gas price of US$6/mcf, and a 10% discount factor we value the 42.1Bcf of net 2C resources at US$18.3m (risked) or 3.2p per share. We include a 30% risking to account for any potential commercial risks (including political and fiscal changes), cost risks (associated with potential development cost variations) and timing risks (to allow for any project delays). Unrisked our valuation increases to US$24.7m or 4.3p per share.
A key sensitivity to our valuation is the gas price, at US$8/mcf our valuation of Mako increases to US$31.0m or 5.3p per share (risked), US$44.3m or 7.6p per share (unrisked) and at US$10/mcf our valuation increases to US$40.8m or 7.0p per share (risked), US$58.4m or 10p per share (unrisked).
Combined, we value Empyrean's portfolio at 19p per share, a 280% premium to the share price.
Oil posted its biggest monthly advance on record, just a few weeks after prices made a dramatic plunge below zero. Crude surged about 88% in May, with US futures on Friday rising above $35 a barrel for the first time since March, driven by massive supply curbs by producers across the world. Still, prices are well below levels at the start of the year, and demand that was crushed by the coronavirus crisis may need to show a sustained improvement for the rally to extend further.
For now, the outlook for consumption looks bleak, though it is on the mend. While virus-related lockdowns are easing, demand is not yet roaring back in the US Fuel sales that were clobbered in European nations such as Spain and Italy will take time to recover. China is a bright spot, but the rest of Asia is still struggling.
The number of rigs drilling for oil in the US fell for the eleventh week, stemming the massive glut of crude that flooded the market. Yet there is a risk that oil's advance could tempt producers to turn on their taps again.
US crude futures fluctuated Friday, as Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell defended aggressive action to shield the economy as the coronavirus pandemic took hold. Prices surged at the close, with West Texas Intermediate oil settling 5.3% higher at $35.49 a barrel, after falling as much as 4% earlier in the day. Futures posted the biggest monthly jump in data going back to 1983.
Brent crude for July, which expires Friday, rose 4 cents to $35.33, closing below WTI for the first time since 2016. The global benchmark has rallied almost 40% this month. The more active August contract rose 5% to settle at $37.84.
Meanwhile, US President Donald Trump is poised to sign a measure that would punish Chinese officials for imprisoning more than one million Muslims in internment camps, as he looks to rebuke Beijing over its crackdown in Hong Kong and its response to the coronavirus. He has also discussed putting targeted sanctions and trade measures on China's financial sector.
More on the oil market:
As the fallout from crude's historic plunge continues, the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission have both opened probes into the $4.64 billion United States Oil Fund ETF.
As China's demand recovery outpaces the rest of Asia, falling fuel exports from the refining giant are providing a much-needed buffer for other processors in the region still grappling with lowered consumption and poor margins.
An early look at Saudi Arabia's crude exports for May shows that historic production cuts have done little to squelch the kingdom's flood of oil to China, which is just getting back on its feet from the coronavirus.
Companies: FOG PVR 88E DGOC EME TRIN UOG
2019 was a significant year for United Oil & Gas, dominated by the acquisition of Rockhopper Egypt and its 22% working interest in the Abu Sennan concession. The acquisition has transformed United into a full-cycle E&P with c1,760boepd of production. With low operating costs (cUS$6.5/bbl) and drilling costs, Abu Sennan remains cash flow positive with oil prices below US$20/bbl. Additional downside protection comes from the Company's pre-payment facility with BP, effectively hedging 6,600bbls per month at US$60/bbl until September 2022 and its long-term fixed gas contracts, insulating 20% of United's production from the current price volatility. We update our model, accounting for slightly higher operating costs, setting our price target at 6.5p a 242% premium to the current share price and reiterate our BUY recommendation.
Companies: United Oil & Gas
Shearwater sells resilience and today's trading update shows us how resilient demand has been for its products and services. The Group has swung to EBITDA profitability and cash flow is well ahead of expectations. The macro themes of cyber security and remote working are supportive of robust demand levels going forward. We are maintaining our forecasts. Buy.
Companies: Shearwater Group
Companies: Hurricane Energy
Shearwater is on track to meet our FY19E estimates. The acquisition of Brookcourt completed post the balance sheet date and so does not feature in the interim results. The integration is going well and underlying cash generation is positive. The recent sell-off in the shares leaves the stock trading at a 15% discount to the recent Placing price. Buy.
No surprises with President’s interims as most key numbers were pre-announced in early August. Still, good progress was achieved in H1 despite a challenging operational and political backdrop, with floods and power outages impacting output, while more recently the re-imposition of Argentine pricing controls for crude oil has weighed on the shares. Our estimates and price target remain under review while we update our model for the temporary pricing controls and the investment pivot towards gas. Argentine presidential elections in less than a month will continue to influence investor sentiment, although President’s shares have already been heavily impacted.
Companies: President Energy